Bone Grafting

Major & Minor Bone Grafting

Missing teeth over a period of time can cause your jaw bone to atrophy, or resorb. This often results in poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for the placement of dental implants as well as long term shifting of remaining teeth and changes to facial structure. Many patients, in these situations, may not be candidates for conventional dental implants without bone grafting.

Fortunately, today Dr. Schelkun, Dr. Kienle and Dr. Steinkeler have the ability to grow bone where it is needed with bone grafting techniques. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, but it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance for patients who are not candidates for conventional dental implants without bone grafting.

Please remember all of the procedures described here are surgical procedures. These surgical procedures are best performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are the only dental specialists who are fully trained in all of these surgical procedures. Drs. Schelkun, Kienle and Steinkeler are all fully trained and experienced in these surgical procedures. All doctors in our practice are board certified in oral and maxillofacial surgery and in anesthesia, and have also earned both a medical and a dental degree.

Drs. Schelkun, Kienle and Steinkeler have the only practice in the Delaware Valley/Tri-State area where all of the surgeons have both their medical and dental degrees, and are board certified in oral and maxillofacial surgery and anesthesia, and in which all of our surgical facilities are fully accredited by the Joint Commission. You can be assured that Drs. Schelkun, Kienle and Steinkeler have the best training and experience, along with the proper staff and facilities, to provide you with exceptional safe and comfortable surgical care.

Major Bone Grafting

Drs. Schelkun, Kienle and Steinkeler use bone grafting to repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease, or injuries. The bone is either obtained from a tissue bank (donated human bone) or your own bone is harvested from the jaw, hip, cranium or tibia (below the knee). Sinus bone grafts are used to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum to protect the bone graft, as well as encourage bone regeneration. This technique is called guided bone regeneration, or guided tissue regeneration.

Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws or facial skeleton. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone or a combination of the patient’s own bone and donated bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different areas depending on the size needed. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. Drs. Schelkun, Kienle and Steinkeler do these procedures in a hospital operating room and require a hospital stay.